Beginners Guide to Vaping

So, you’re considering giving up smoking? I guarantee you won’t regret it! There are masses of products available within the vaping industry. Initially, this can seem somewhat daunting - but fear not! We are here to help guide you through the basics, to ensure you select the most suitable item for your needs, and to make sure that first, all-important step is as easy as possible.

What is Vaping and how is vapour produced?

The method behind vaping is simple. The e-liquid within the device is heated to a specific temperature. Once that temperature has been reached, the liquid is emitted as vapour, hence the name. Essentially you are breathing in flavoured steam containing nicotine, this in turn sustains your nicotine cravings.

Where do I start, I hear you ask?

OK, so there are two different types of vaping, Mouth to Lung (MTL) and Direct to Lung (DTL), find more information on the difference here. Both use a different style of device but produce vapour in the same way, it is entirely up to you as to which route you take. Most people will start with a pen device or a Pod Mod. These are both MTL devices, which use high nicotine e-liquid. This in turn helps you quit the cigarettes!

What are the different types of vaping devices?

There are many different types of vaping devices on the market, so let’s go through what they are and how they are used.

For the beginner

Pod mod - a small lightweight device that is used with higher nicotine e-liquid and nicotine salt e-liquid.

Pen devices - a longer, narrow pen shaped device, which again is used with a higher nicotine e-liquid.

Starter kits - this is a larger device, which comes as a two-piece set, a mod and a tank. These sometimes come with a built-in battery, but they also require high drain batteries. The high drain battery is usually bought separately and charged using an external charger. Starter kits are generally used with lower nicotine e-liquid. This is a thicker substance, which produces the clouds you often see from those vaping.

For the more advanced user

Box mods - this box contains batteries and a chip. The chip is the brains of the operation, controlling the mechanism from the inside. The Box Mod is available in various designs and sizes. Some have built in batteries, but most use either one or two high drain lithium batteries. These high-powered devices are capable of firing up to and over 200 watts. The higher power is needed to heat up the large coils in sub-ohm tanks.

Sub-ohm tanks - usually used for producing big clouds of vapour. The term sub-ohm simply means a coil that’s resistance is below 1Ω (ohm). These lower resistance coils produce a larger, thicker cloud.

Rebuildable - the rebuildable comes in two forms, the first is a Rebuildable Dripping Atomiser (RDA). The RDA doesn’t have a tank to hold the e-liquid, instead the user drips the liquid straight onto the coil(s). The second option is a Rebuildable Tank Atomiser (RTA). Both devices are rebuildable, as described, and both are an atomiser, where the user must build his/her own coil and thread their own cotton through to absorb the e-liquid.

Mechanical mods - solely battery-operated, this device doesn’t have a computer built into it, for safety reasons. This option is not recommended for beginners. A strong knowledge of battery safety and ohms law is highly recommended.

So, which e-liquid do I choose?

Once you have chosen your device, the next step is the choose the flavour of your e-liquid. Flavour is something only you can choose, as we all have such differing palates. There is an abundance of flavours on the market, ranging from fruit to desserts and everything in between. You’re sure to find a flavour you’ll enjoy, I guarantee it. As for nicotine strength and VG/PG this is where it gets a little more complicated!

Let’s start with nicotine strength

Nicotine strength is measured in milligrams as it is in cigarettes. The lowest nicotine (nic) strength is 3mg and ranges between this and 20mg. Higher nicotine e-liquid is commonly used in Mouth to Lung (MTL) devices. It is not used for blowing clouds, as it would be too harsh on the throat. For blowing clouds you ought to aim for 3-6mg and MTL vaping 6-20mg.

Now let’s move onto VG/PG ratio

What is Vg and Pg I hear you ask? Well, let’s make it simple. Vg (vegetable glycerine) is thick and slightly sweet. This is the part of the e-liquid that creates the cloud. Pg (Propylene Glycol) is a less viscous liquid. It is a tasteless substance that simulates the throat when vaped, something which is traditionally felt when smoking a cigarette.

Moving onto which ratio is right for you

As we’ve discussed above, a Direct to Lung (DTL) or as it is more commonly known, a sub-ohm, vape needs a thicker e-liquid to produce those luscious clouds of flavour. This is achieved through having a higher Vg content. So, for sub-ohm devices I’d recommend using e-liquid of 70Vg/30Pg and above. For MTL devices, I recommend a high nicotine e-liquid using 60Vg/40Pg, 50Vg/50Pg or even a lower Vg content if you prefer.


You’re now equipped with everything you need to know. See, not as overwhelming as it may seem. As ever if you are still not sure please don’t hesitate to get in touch, you can contact us via email, phone or directly here through our website. I wish you all the very best in your vaping journey. You’ve made the right decision by quitting the cigarettes!

For more in-depth explanations see our FAQ page.